Even if there is an electric gun or even a woodworking machine with a planer for woodworking table, it is difficult to do without having to construct any wooden parts with a hand plane. After all, sometimes you will not include the machine because of the fact that you have to slash one – the only rail. Therefore, a manual plane should be in the workshop of every home master.
Strictly know not all can. One day I was able to attend an open lesson at the secondary school, where the teacher told and showed the students of the 7th grade what to do and taught the children completely wrong. He did not plan the board himself in the direction of the fibers, but “against the wool” and did not even notice it or pay attention to it.
About how to adjust the plane and how to sharpen the blade of his knife, has already been told on the pages of the site. And now about how to implement the process of planing.
First of all, you need to fix the board or bar. (The real master will never begin to plan “on his knee,” simply by keeping the front edge of the workpiece in the corner between the wall and the floor). It is most convenient to do this on a joiner’s workbench, where the front end rests on a special stop, the upper edge of which is lower than the upper edge of the workpiece and therefore does not interfere with planing. A board or a bar is securely clamped with the help of a workbench. If there is no workbench, then still it is necessary to use any table on which to make emphasis in the form of a “swallowtail”, i.e. with a triangular cutout into which the front part of the workpiece is inserted. The back part can be pressed to the table with a clamp, and if it is impossible to do (a very short piece of wood, and the ends should also be flat), then pinned a pair of small carnations to the table from the ends, guiding them at an angle.
In general, short boards and bars are not very easy to plan, especially their ends, so if it is supposed to make some short details, it is best to firstly build an exactly long board, and then cut it into several short ones that are necessary in size.
About the “wool” already mentioned. You should always strive to scrape along the wood fibers, not against them, otherwise bully is possible. But most often, especially on wide boards, wood fibers are located in opposite directions: on one side – in one, on the other – in the opposite direction. Consider how these fibers are sometimes impossible, but when planed, this is immediately felt. One side of the plane removes flat and thin chips, and the other – “goes into a teaser.” Therefore, you just need to unfold the board and scribe it from the other end.
The right hand is more convenient to plan, if you stand to the left of the workpiece being processed, the left-hander is vice versa, on the right.